Shelley, Percy Bysshe and Mary Wollstonecraft

(1792-1851)
   • Percy Bysshe, the husband, 1792-1822
   Born at Field Place, Warnham, near Horsham, to a wealthy, aristocratic family, he was educated at Sion House Academy, Brentford, Essex, Eton College, and Oxford University, from which he was expelled in 1811 for co-writing The Necessity of Atheismё a pamphlet of which the university authorities disapproved. He married Harriet Westbrook soon afterward and moved to the Lake District of England. In 1814, after separating from Harriet, he eloped with Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin to the Continent (she was seventeen), where they lived a bohemian lifestyle that included John Keats and Lord Byron (see entries). They married in 1816 soon after Harriet drowned herself in the Serpentine Lake in Kensington Gardens. Shelley drowned in a storm at sea off Italy; his body was washed ashore ten days later, and he was buried in the Protestant Cemetery at Rome. He is memorialized by a tablet in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey. Shelley has gone down in history as one of England's greatest poets for his sonnets, short, powerful poems, love lyrics, verse dramas and tragedies, as well as several prose works and translations. Some of his poems: "To a Skylark," "Ode to the West Wind," "The Cloud," "Peter Bell the Third," "The Boat on the Serchio," "To Mary Shelley," "To William Shelley," "Tribute to America," "Verses on a Cat."
   • Mary Wollstonecraft, the wife, 1797-1851
   Mary's parents were the novelist and political philosopher William Godwin (1756-1836) and the author and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft (17591797), who died within days of Mary's birth. Following her first novel, Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus (1818) she went on to publish five more novels. She spent much time editing and annotating her late husband's work, but owing to father-inlaw's opposition, she was unable to publish Poetical Works until 1839. To finance her son's private education, she wrote essays and short fiction for periodicals. Between 1835 and 1838 she produced a series of scholarly biographies. The death of her fatherin-law, Sir Timothy Shelley, in 1844 provided financial security, and her son inherited the title. She died in Chester Square, London, and was interred in the churchyard at Bournemouth. Some of her poems: "Oh Listen While I Sing to Thee," "On Reading Wordsworth's Lines on Peele Castle," "Stanzas," "To the air of 'My Phillida, adieu, love!'"
   Sources: America in Poetry. Charles Sullivan, ed. Harry N. Abrams, 1988. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica. Electronic Edition, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Love's Witness: Five Centuries of Love Poetry by Women. Jill Hollis, ed. Carroll and Graf, Inc., 1993. Microsoft Encarta 2006 (DVD). Microsoft Corporation, 2006. Poets of the English Language, Vol. IV. W.H. Auden and Norman Holmes Pearson, eds. Viking Press, 1950. Romanticism. Duncan Wu, ed. Blackwell, 1994. The Cherry-Tree. Geoffrey Grigson, ed. Phoenix House, 1959. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Complete Poems of Percy Bysshe Shelley. Mary Shelley, ed. The Modern Library, 1994. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. The Sophisticated Cat: A Gathering of Stories, Poems, and Miscellaneous Writings About Cats. Joyce Oates, Carol and Daniel Halpern, eds. Penguin Books, 1992.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shelley, Percy Bysshe — born Aug. 4, 1792, Field Place, near Horsham, Sussex, Eng. died July 8, 1822, at sea off Livorno, Tuscany English Romantic poet. The heir to rich estates, Shelley was a rebellious youth who was expelled from Oxford in 1811 for refusing to admit… …   Universalium

  • Shelley, Percy Bysshe — (1792 1822)    Poet, s. of Sir Timothy S., was b. at Field Place, near Horsham, Sussex, and ed. at Brentford, Eton, and Univ. Coll., Oxf., whence for writing and circulating a pamphlet, The Necessity of Atheism, he was expelled. One immediate… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Mary Wollstonecraft-Shelley — Mary Shelley, 1840 gemalt von Richard Rothwell Mary Shelley (* 30. August 1797 in London; † 1. Februar 1851 ebenda), geborene Mary Godwin, häufig auch als Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley bezeichnet, war eine englische Schriftstellerin des frühen 19.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley — Mary Shelley, 1840 gemalt von Richard Rothwell Mary Shelley (* 30. August 1797 in London; † 1. Februar 1851 ebenda), geborene Mary Godwin, häufig auch als Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley bezeichnet, war eine englische Schriftstellerin des frühen 19.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Percy Bysshe Shelley — Percy Shelley Born 4 August 1792(1792 08 04) Field Place, Horsham, England[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft — orig. Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin born Aug. 30, 1797, London, Eng. died Feb. 1, 1851, London English Romantic novelist. The only daughter of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft, she met and eloped with Percy B. Shelley in 1814. They married in… …   Universalium

  • Percy Bysshe Shelley — Percy Bysshe Shelley, Gemälde von Amelia Curran, 1819 Percy Bysshe Shelley [ˈpɜːsi bɪʃ ˈʃɛli] (* 4. August 1792 in Field Place, Sussex; † 8. Juli 1822 im Meer bei Via …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mary Wollstonecraft — Mary Wollstonecraft …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley — noun English writer who created Frankenstein s monster and married Percy Bysshe Shelley (1797 1851) • Syn: ↑Shelley, ↑Mary Shelley, ↑Mary Godwin Wollstonecraft Shelley • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author …   Useful english dictionary

  • Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft —  (1797–1851) English writer, and second wife of Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792–1822), English poet …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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